[This introduction to Tomasz Koniczâ€™ ‚Aufbruch ins Ungewisse. On the Search for Alternatives to the Permanent Capitalist Crisis,â€ 2014 is translated from the German on the Internet, http://www.heise.de/tp/druck/mb/artikel/43/43479/1.html.]
Tremendous obstacles stand in the way of conceiving alternatives to the permanent capitalist crisis. The watertight density of capitalist socialization, the all-persuasiveness of the market long curdled into a totality sets up a thought prison in every inmate of the global capitalist treadmill. When there is no non-capitalist ‚outsideâ€ any more and when all social fields and niches including the subculture are occupied by capitalist cost-benefit calculation, the mediated and subject-less capital rule, the notorious ’silent pressure of conditions,â€ takes on the appearance of a natural condition.
Present conditions seem ahistorical and carved in stone although capitalism from the perspective of humanityâ€™s history has only developed its destructive expansion dynamic in a very short time period. The escalating inner contradictions and dislocations of late capitalism intensifying the crisis appear as natural phenomena. Its structures congeal to axioms of all thought patterns. The post-capitalism debates that now also seize the mainstream of the mass media given the escalating system crisis shows the difficulty of breaking of this mental prison whose bars consist of everyday ideas and categories.
Impelled by the bestseller ‚The Zero-Marginal Cost Societyâ€ of the economic visionary Jeremy Rifkin who predicts an end of the capitalist economic mode, much of the mass media seems to touch a public taboo – in discussing the possibility of a system transformation and an emerging post-capitalist society. The most depressing moment in this public discussion consisted in the relapse to capitalist categories and thought forms of those contributions and actors who regard a system transformation as possible or necessary. Jeremy Rifkinâ€™s visions are also overcome by this unconscious relapse.
In her article ‚The Brave New Share Economy and its Shady Sides,â€ Elisabeth Voss described where such a distorted and unreflective post-capitalism debate can lead. A new push of precariousness and wage dumping from which the commercial providers of the ’share economyâ€ profit is labeled an alternative economic mode. This is merely a rebranding of late capitalism.
Nevertheless a serious and far-reaching public discussion of system alternatives to crisis-plagued late capitalism is simply necessary for survival. The increasingly obvious inner and outer limits of the capitalist economic mode extend from the crisis of the work society and all-pervasive state breakdowns to threatening climate collapse that first catapulted the post-capitalist discou8rse into the mainstream. That the only future perspectives offered by late capitalism consist of dystopias or apocalypses – from film to computer games – is very clear given the escalating dislocations and contradictions.
The disintegration of the capitalist world system began long ago in its periphery. The state breakdown in many regions of Africa and the anomist chaos overtaking wide parts of the Arab region are manifestations of capitalist state failure and the molecular civil war in Mexico and Central America where the borders between states sinking in corruption and nepotism and the cartels are blurred beyond recognition.
The rise of extremist movements and parties from European rightwing extremism to Arab Jihadism accompanies this far-reaching economic and political crisis process – similar to the 1930s. Parallels to the prewar time in the crisis-plagued 1930s are unmistakable. The state machines of the superpowers react to the increasing state contradictions with intensified pressure to outward expansion expressed in the rapidly increasing tensions between the ‚Westâ€ (Europe and the US) and Russia and China. The perspective of a great war between these power blocs – that assumes an apocalyptic dimension given the accumulated destructive potential – moves into the realm of the conceivable and possible. The great unknown of the consequences of future climatic upheavals to which a system calibrated to permanent growth and boundless expansion cannot provide an answer hangs over all this like a Damosclenes sword.
Thus the search for alternatives to this social disorder sinking in chaos, war and monstrous barbarism is an expression of the plain will to survive, a sublimated survival instinct, where it becomes clear the rescue of individuals can only be achieved through preservation of the civilization process and transformation of society. The search for alternatives to capitalism is not extremist. The late capitalist system decays in extremism like everyday mass murder and increasing dislocations.
We live in an extremist society that constantly sweats out false ideologies like rightwing extremism or Islamism. Those apologists of capitalist rule who still describe this system mutating to a slaughter house of humanity as without alternatives and as the ‚best of all possible worldsâ€ could be termed extremists. On the other hand, the search for a system-alternative represents the only rational, medium and moderate course. This is an undertaking to which every petty-bourgeois worried about the future of his children could be devoted. Their training to mobbing machines as happened and now happens in the middle class does not open up any future perspectives worth living.
The destructive potential has increased immeasurably through capitalism. However the material potentials for its mastery and transformation have also grown in the bosom of this old dying social formation. The absurdity of the present system crisis consists in the circumstance that capitalism perishes in its hyper-productivity and suffocates in the whole produced mountain of goods. Thus the system alternative to this gigantic capitalist over-production crisis represents something very simple that is hard to realize as Bertold Brecht formulated.
The goal may be of stirring, heart-rending simplicity but the paths there are enormously difficult and arduous. They can only be found by means of a broad egalitarian discussion, a public discourse in which a fundamental characteristic of a post-capitalist society would appear – the conscious independence of all members of society over the social reproduction process.
This eBook could make a modest contribution to deepening this necessarily controversial debate that is vital to survival. This can only be a first step that makes a fundamental orientation within the complex thematic easier for the interested reader and makes possible a first positioning.
The articles make clear the ideas of the ‚visionaryâ€ Jeremy Riflkin – and the discussion kicked off by him – are ultimately based on the theoretical work of a whole generation of activists over years who drafted these ideas and concepts before the mainstream seized them. Thus this eBook should deepen the discourse about post-capitalism. The concepts underlying these mass media slogans should be taken seriously and filled with concrete content so their misuse by marketing strategies of the commercial ’share economyâ€ is prevented. Rights to terms like share economy, peer-production, de-growth, post-growth economy and the commons should be disputed in the media circus so their undermining and devaluation can be prevented.
Tomasz Konicz, Florian Roetzer, Aufbruch ins Ungewisse. On the Search for Alternatives to the Permanent Capitalist Crisis, 2014